top of page

Enregistrement à la TVA

Layer 5.png

Global Trade Business aide les entreprises de toutes tailles à se mettre en conformité à la TVA européenne

Nous gérons votre TVA afin que vous puissiez vous concentrer sur votre développement

Layer 4.png
Layer 1.png
VAT registrations and returns
Layer 3qq.png
Layer 2.png

Qu'est-ce qu'un numéro de TVA ?

Un numéro de TVA dans l'Union européenne (UE) est un identifiant unique attribué aux entreprises enregistrées à des fins de taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA). Il permet aux entreprises de collecter et de verser la TVA sur leurs ventes, de réclamer la TVA sur leurs achats et de s'acquitter de leurs obligations en matière de déclaration de TVA.

Les numéros de TVA facilitent l'administration fiscale et permettent aux entreprises de participer au commerce intra-UE en fournissant un système d'identification normalisé dans les États membres de l'UE.

Quand avez-vous besoin d'un numéro de TVA ?

Vous avez généralement besoin d'un numéro de TVA dans les situations suivantes :

Assurer la conformité aux réglementations lors d

     - la réalisation d'achats et de ventes locaux au sein des pays membres de l'UE.
     - le stockage de vos produits dans un pays de l'UE.

- Transactions transfrontalières : Si votre entreprise participe à des transactions transfrontalières au sein de l'UE, telles que la vente de biens ou la prestation de services à des clients dans d'autres États membres, vous devez généralement vous inscrire à la TVA dans ces pays et obtenir les numéros de TVA correspondants.


- Inscription volontaire : Même si votre chiffre d'affaires ne dépasse pas le seuil ou si vous n'effectuez pas de transactions transfrontalières, vous pouvez choisir de vous inscrire à la TVA volontairement. Cela peut être bénéfique si vous souhaitez récupérer la TVA sur vos dépenses professionnelles ou si cela est avantageux pour vos opérations ou votre positionnement sur le marché.


Il est important de noter que les exigences spécifiques d'inscription à la TVA peuvent différer entre les États membres de l'UE. Il est donc conseillé de consulter les autorités fiscales du pays concerné ou de demander conseil à des professionnels pour déterminer les circonstances exactes dans lesquelles vous avez besoin d'un numéro de TVA.

Comment obtenir un numéro de TVA ?

Il peut être nécessaire de nommer un représentant fiscal dans certains cas pour enregistrer un numéro de TVA dans un pays étranger. La nécessité d'un représentant fiscal survient souvent lorsque l'entreprise n'a pas de présence physique ou d'établissement permanent dans le pays où l'inscription à la TVA est recherchée.

Que fait un représentant fiscal ?

Inscription à la TVA

Il aide à l'inscription à la TVA en traitant les formulaires, la documentation et en agissant comme intermédiaire avec les autorités fiscales pour garantir un processus fluide.

Communication avec les Autorités Fiscales

Il agit en tant qu'intermédiaire entre l'entreprise et les autorités fiscales étrangères, gérant la correspondance, les demandes et les requêtes des autorités fiscales.

Conformité à la TVA

Il veille à la conformité locale à la TVA, en maintenant une facturation et des registres appropriés, et en déclarant avec précision les obligations en matière de TVA.

Paiements de TVA

Il aide pour les paiements de TVA, en aidant l'entreprise à comprendre ses obligations de paiement et en facilitant la soumission en temps opportun des paiements de TVA.

Déclarations de TVA

Il prépare et soumet les déclarations de TVA conformément aux exigences du pays local. Il compile les données, calcule les montants de TVA et dépose les déclarations de manière précise et dans les délais impartis.

Audits et Litiges TVA

Il aide à rassembler la documentation, représente l'entreprise lors de l'audit et aide à résoudre et anticiper tout litige qui pourrait survenir.

Quels sont les documents nécessaires pour l'inscription à la TVA ?

Les documents spécifiques requis pour l'inscription à la TVA dans l'UE peuvent légèrement varier d'un pays à l'autre. Cependant, voici quelques documents couramment demandés au cours du processus d'inscription à la TVA :

  1. Preuve d'Identification : Cela inclut des documents qui établissent l'identité du propriétaire de l'entreprise, tels qu'une copie du passeport ou de la carte d'identité.

  2. Certificat d'Incorporation : Un certificat ou extrait du registre commercial de la société, confirmant l'existence légale et l'enregistrement de l'entreprise.

  3. Statuts : Le document officiel décrivant la structure, le but et le règlement de la société.

  4. Preuve d'Adresse : Des documents démontrant le siège social ou le lieu d'affaires de l'entreprise, tels qu'une facture d'électricité ou un contrat de location.

  5. Formulaire d'Inscription à la TVA : Le formulaire spécifique fourni par les autorités fiscales pour recueillir des informations sur l'entreprise, ses activités et ses intentions d'inscription à la TVA.

  6. Documents supplémentaires : Des documents supplémentaires peuvent être requis pour établir la nature des activités de l'entreprise, tels que des factures, des contrats, des bons de commande ou des preuves d'activités d'import/export.

Il est important de noter que ces exigences sont des lignes directrices générales, et les documents spécifiques nécessaires peuvent varier en fonction du pays et de la nature de l'entreprise. Il est recommandé de vérifier avec nous pour garantir la conformité avec les exigences spécifiques d'inscription à la TVA dans un pays de l'UE particulier.

Combien de temps faut-il pour recevoir un numéro de TVA ?

Le délai nécessaire pour recevoir un numéro de TVA peut varier en fonction du pays et des circonstances spécifiques. En général, il faut environ 4 à 8 semaines pour obtenir le numéro de TVA.

Étude de cas : Une entreprise chinoise doit enregistrer un numéro de TVA français pour effectuer des importations.

Nom de l'entreprise : XYZ Imports Co., Ltd.

Contexte :
XYZ Imports Co., Ltd. est une entreprise chinoise qui envisage d'importer des marchandises en France. Ils souhaitent comprendre pourquoi l'obtention d'un numéro de TVA français est nécessaire pour leurs activités d'importation.

Étapes entreprises :

  1. Recherche des réglementations Fiscales Françaises : XYZ Imports effectue des recherches sur les réglementations fiscales françaises pour comprendre les exigences liées à l'importation de marchandises en France.

  2. Signature avec Global Trade Business: afin d'obtenir des éclaircissements, XYZ Imports consulte nos experts en TVA spécialisés dans les transactions transfrontalières entre la Chine et la France.

  3. Compréhension de la Collecte de la TVA : Ils apprennent qu'un numéro de TVA est nécessaire pour collecter et verser la TVA sur les marchandises importées, assurant ainsi la conformité avec les réglementations fiscales.

  4. Conformité aux Réglementations d'Importation Françaises : L'obtention d'un numéro de TVA français est cruciale pour se conformer aux réglementations d'importation et faciliter le dédouanement.

  5. Calcul de la Responsabilité TVA : Avec un numéro de TVA, XYZ Imports peut calculer avec précision les obligations en matière de TVA en fonction de la valeur en douane, y compris les droits de douane et les frais.

  6. Déduction et Récupération de la TVA : Un numéro de TVA leur permet de déduire la TVA sur les dépenses liées à l'importation et de récupérer la TVA, réduisant ainsi les obligations globales et améliorant la trésorerie.

  7. Conformité et Pénalités : L'obtention d'un numéro de TVA français assure la conformité, évite les pénalités et atténue les risques de retards ou d'audits.

Conclusion :
En obtenant un numéro de TVA français, XYZ Imports se conforme aux réglementations, calcule avec précision les obligations en matière de TVA, réclame des déductions et évite les pénalités.

Le numéro de TVA facilite le dédouanement et soutient des opérations d'importation fluides. XYZ Imports maintient une conformité continue et reste informé des réglementations fiscales pour assurer le succès de ses activités d'importation en France.

Process d'enregistrement à la TVA et de déclaration

Comprenez vos opérations commerciales et besoins

Bénéficiez d'une consultation gratuite

L'un de nos experts en TVA échangera sur vos activités commerciales afin d'identifier les obligations en matière de TVA.

Layer 1.png
Layer 2.png

Collecte des données et des documents requis

Notre équipe veillera à rassembler toutes les données nécessaires et procédera à l'inscription à la TVA. La durée du processus d'inscription dépend du pays.

Layer 3qq.png

Une fois le numéro de TVA obtenu, vous devez nous fournir l'ensemble des documents nécessaires pour déposer la déclaration de TVA en temps voulu.

Recevoir le numéro de TVA et soumettre les déclarations de TVA

Layer 4.png
  • What are the differences between the 13th Directive and the EU VAT Refund Directive?
    The 13th Directive and the EU VAT Refund Directive (Directive 2008/9/EC) are both mechanisms that allow businesses to claim Value Added Tax (VAT) refunds in European Union (EU) member states. However, there are some key differences between these two directives. Here are the main distinctions: Scope and Applicability: 13th Directive: The 13th Directive specifically applies to businesses located outside the EU that do not have a VAT registration within the EU. It is designed for non-EU businesses to claim VAT refunds on eligible expenses incurred in EU member states. EU VAT Refund Directive: The EU VAT Refund Directive applies to businesses established within the EU, allowing them to claim VAT refunds on expenses incurred in other EU member states. It is applicable to VAT-registered businesses within the EU seeking cross-border VAT refunds. Application Process: 13th Directive: Under the 13th Directive, non-EU businesses need to submit a VAT refund application to the tax authorities of the EU member state where the VAT was paid. The application is typically made using a specific form provided by the tax authority. EU VAT Refund Directive: The EU VAT Refund Directive introduces a simplified and streamlined process for VAT refund claims within the EU. Businesses can apply for refunds electronically through their home country's tax authority, rather than submitting applications directly to each member state.
  • What VAT can be refunded under 13th Directive?
    Under the 13th Directive, non-EU businesses can claim VAT refunds on directly related business expenses incurred in European Union (EU) member states. While the specific eligibility criteria may vary between countries, here are some examples of expenses that are commonly considered directly related to business activities: Accommodation Expenses: VAT paid on hotel stays or rental accommodations for business purposes, such as attending conferences, trade shows, or client meetings, can typically be claimed under the 13th Directive. Meal Expenses: VAT paid on meals or restaurant bills incurred during business-related activities, such as client meals, team meetings, or business travel, may be eligible for a VAT refund. Transportation Costs: VAT paid on transportation expenses directly related to business activities, such as airfare, train tickets, taxi fares, or car rentals, can often be claimed under the 13th Directive. Trade Show or Exhibition Expenses: VAT paid on expenses related to participating in trade shows, exhibitions, or conferences, including booth rentals, registration fees, promotional materials, and related services, may be eligible for VAT recovery. Professional Services: VAT paid on professional services directly related to your business activities, such as legal fees, consulting fees, or marketing services, may be eligible for a VAT refund. Business Entertainment: VAT paid on entertainment expenses incurred for bona fide business purposes, such as client entertainment events, team-building activities, or business-related social functions, might be eligible for VAT recovery.
  • What documents are required for claiming the VAT refund?
    The documentation requirements for claiming VAT refunds can vary between countries and depend on the specific rules and regulations of the tax authority where you are submitting your VAT refund application. However, here are some common types of documentation that are often required: Valid VAT Invoices: You will typically need to provide original VAT invoices or receipts for the expenses on which you paid VAT. The invoices should include the necessary details, such as the supplier's name and address, your business's name and address, the invoice date, a unique invoice number, a description of the goods or services, the VAT rate applied, and the amount of VAT paid. Proof of Payment: You may be required to provide evidence of payment for the expenses on which VAT was paid. This can include bank statements, credit card statements, or other forms of payment documentation that demonstrate the payment was made. Import/Export Documentation: If you are claiming VAT refunds on import or export transactions, you may need to provide additional documentation such as customs declarations, shipping documents, import/export licenses, or proof of export. Proof of Business Purpose: Some tax authorities may require you to provide evidence that the expenses for which you are claiming VAT refunds were incurred for business purposes. This can include supporting documents like travel itineraries, conference agendas, or contracts that demonstrate the business nature of the expenses. VAT Refund Application Form: You will likely need to complete a VAT refund application form provided by the tax authority. The form will require you to provide information about your business, VAT registration details, the reporting period for which you are claiming the refund, and details of the eligible expenses. Please note that the specific documentation requirements can vary significantly between countries. Some countries may have more stringent requirements, while others may have simplified procedures for VAT refund applications.
  • What is the difference between IOSS and OSS?
    IOSS (Import One-Stop Shop): It is a mechanism for declaring and paying VAT on goods imported from non-European Union (EU) countries. It allows businesses to collect and declare VAT at the time of purchase, simplifying the customs clearance and delivery process for buyers. OSS (One-Stop Shop): This is a regime that enables EU businesses to collect, declare, and pay VAT on sales of goods and services made within the EU. It simplifies tax obligations by allowing businesses to make a single VAT declaration in their Member State of identification, covering all transactions made in other EU Member States.
  • When can IOSS be used?
    If the good is imported to the EU from a non-EU country and the value of the good is less than 150EUR, IOSS can be used. VAT due will be included in the price paid by the customer and VAT on importation will be exempted. However, if the value of the goods is more than 150EUR, traditional VAT will be applied.
  • Where should I register for the OSS?
    To register for your OSS (One-Stop Shop) number, you typically need to go through the tax authority or portal of the European Union (EU) member state in which you are established or have a fixed establishment.
  • Do I need an IOSS if I sell on a marketplace?
    If you sell goods on a marketplace as a non-EU business and the marketplace is considered the deemed supplier for VAT purposes, you may not need to obtain an Import One-Stop Shop (IOSS) number yourself. Instead, the marketplace may handle the IOSS registration and VAT obligations on your behalf. The IOSS allows marketplaces to collect and remit VAT on behalf of sellers for low-value consignments (goods valued at or below €150) imported into the European Union (EU). This simplifies the VAT compliance process for sellers and ensures that the VAT obligations are fulfilled. Generally, if you sell through a marketplace that is registered for IOSS, they may take responsibility for collecting and remitting VAT on the low-value consignments you sell. The marketplace will provide you with the necessary information and documentation to ensure compliance with VAT regulations. It's important to note that the specific arrangements and requirements can vary between marketplaces. Some marketplaces may handle IOSS registration and VAT obligations for sellers, while others may require sellers to handle their own VAT compliance. Therefore, it is advisable to review the terms and conditions or contact the marketplace directly to understand their policies and procedures regarding IOSS and VAT compliance.
  • What is an IOSS intermediary?
    An IOSS (Import One-Stop Shop) intermediary refers to a third-party service provider or agent that assists businesses in fulfilling their IOSS registration and VAT compliance obligations. These intermediaries specialise in helping businesses navigate the IOSS system and ensure compliance with VAT regulations. A business which is established outside of the EU must appoint an intermediary to deal with IOSS.
  • Do i have to get both IOSS and OSS at the same time?
    No, you do not have to get both IOSS (Import One-Stop Shop) and OSS (One-Stop Shop) registrations at the same time. These are separate registration schemes that serve different purposes within the European Union's VAT system. The choice of which registration to pursue depends on your specific business activities and requirements. IOSS Registration: IOSS is primarily used for the distance selling of goods valued at or below €150 to customers in the EU. It simplifies the VAT collection and remittance process by allowing businesses to charge and collect VAT at the point of sale, rather than at the point of importation. IOSS registration is mandatory for businesses outside the EU when they opt to use this system. OSS Registration: OSS, on the other hand, is used for various cross-border B2C (business-to-consumer) supplies of services, as well as for distance sales of goods valued above €150 within the EU. It allows businesses to handle their VAT obligations in a streamlined manner, making a single VAT return and payment in their home member state, rather than registering for VAT in multiple EU member states. Depending on your business model and the nature of your sales, you may need to register for either IOSS or OSS, or both, depending on your specific circumstances.
  • How many VAT number do you need?
    Every country has their own VAT systems and hence to have its own national VAT number. When you sell from one EU country to another, if you hit the threshold of the local country, it is expected that you need to register the local VAT number.
  • How to check if your VAT number is valid?
    Each country has his own official website to check the validity of your VAT number. Of course you can still go to the VIES VAT number validation - European Commission
  • What to do next when you have a VAT number?
    Once the company has the VAT number, it can start doing business in the target country and charge VAT on every sales. VAT returns or declaration for intra-community trade have to be done regularly.
  • How we could help with VAT
    - Provide the best advice on supply and purchase which suits your business needs and growth - warehouse locations / standard of invoices / reverse charge - manage your VAT and customs issues such as VAT returns and intrastat - ensure compliance of regulations - provide training sections to your employees to ensure they are familiar with VAT process within the company - to save time and costs in business expansion on complex international tax rules
  • Difference with EC sales list (ESL) ?
    ESL is usually filled monthly or quarterly and it contains the record of sales and transfer of both goods and services of one VAT registered company in another EU country.
  • What's the VAT credit and VAT debit?
    VAT credit: VAT credit, also known as input VAT credit or input tax credit, is a mechanism that allows businesses to offset the VAT they have paid on purchases or expenses against the VAT they have collected on sales. It helps businesses avoid double taxation and reduces the overall VAT liability. VAT debit: VAT debit, also known as output VAT, is the VAT amount that businesses charge on their sales of goods or services. It represents the VAT liability of the business and is collected from customers on behalf of the tax authorities.
  • What is introduction and Expédition?
    Introduction: In the context of VAT, introduction refers to the movement of goods from one European Union (EU) member state to another. It involves the transfer of goods between EU countries and is subject to VAT regulations specific to intra-EU trade. Introductions typically occur when goods change their location within the EU, such as when they are transported from one EU member state to another. Expédition (Shipment): In the context of VAT, expédition (shipment) refers to the movement of goods from an EU member state to a destination outside the European Union. It involves the exportation of goods from the EU to a non-EU country. Shipment transactions are subject to VAT rules governing exports and may involve customs procedures and documentation to ensure compliance with both VAT and international trade regulations.
  • Does Global Trade Business provide GST services?
    We do! We also offer GST registration and GST return services in Australia and Singapore. The specific requirements for obtaining a GST number can vary depending on the country or region where you are conducting business. Here are some common scenarios where you may need a GST number: Business Registration: When starting a business that is required to collect and remit GST, you typically need to register for a GST number. This applies to businesses that meet the turnover threshold specified by the tax authorities. Threshold Exceedance: Once your business reaches or exceeds the turnover threshold set by the tax authorities, you are required to register for a GST number and start collecting and remitting GST on your taxable supplies. Interstate Trade: If you engage in trade or supply goods or services across different states or regions within a country with a GST system, you may need to obtain a GST number. E-commerce and Online Selling: Many countries have introduced specific rules and regulations for e-commerce businesses. If you sell goods or services online, you may be required to register for a GST number, regardless of your turnover. Import and Export: Some countries require businesses engaged in importing or exporting goods to obtain a GST number for customs and tax purposes. Voluntary Registration: Even if your business does not meet the mandatory registration requirements, you may choose to voluntarily register for a GST number. This can allow you to claim input tax credits on your purchases and avail other benefits provided by the tax system.

Parlez à l'un de nos experts afin d’accompagner votre entreprise dans ce domaine

Prêt à commencer? 

Global Trade Business fournit les solutions les plus Optimisées avec les procédures les plus simples.

bottom of page