With the changes in EORI regulations, as of 1 May 2012 , it is more important than ever before. This new article explains some of the import and export customs procedures where traders will need an EORI number so that they can complete their mandatory declarations. It also includes a series of frequently asked questions on what happens if someone provides incorrect information on their declarations and how this can lead to penalties and prosecutions.
What is an EORI number?
EORI stands for “Economic Operators Registration and Identification number”. Companies need to use this number for customs purpose. It allows businesses and customs authorities to deal with the customs procedures in a smooth way. It is also more efficient for statistical purposes and security purposes.
Do I need an EORI number?
It depends on your situation. If you are a natural person wishing to buy goods in another country, you do not need an EORI number within the EU as long as there are no transport operations involved (no loading or unloading of goods). However, if you are buying goods abroad that will be transported by post to another member state, you must have registered with an e-mail address at least. Goods arriving from outside the European Union may require an entry summary declaration using the Single Administrative Document (SAD), as customs officials do not have access to the information contained in those documents.
If you are a company wanting to import goods or transport goods across borders between member states, you will have to get an EORI number.This new regulation has been introduced by the Customs code (Regulation 2015/2447). The reason for this change is to allow more efficient procedures and avoid duplicate registrations. What happens if someone provides incorrect information on their declarations?
Incorrect customs declarations carry a lot of risk. If the goods are found to be missing from your declaration, you may face a fine or prosecution depending on the severity of the case. In some cases, criminal charges can apply as well as seizure or disposal of goods – all with a risk of imprisonment – not forgetting court costs and VAT penalties!