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IOSS和OSS注册和申报

从 2021 年 7 月 1 日起,您只需一个增值税号,就可在所有欧盟国家进行网上销售。

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Starting from 1 July, 2021, IOSS (Import One Stop Shop) and OSS (One Stop Shop) are both VAT (value-added tax) schemes that were introduced by the European Union (EU) to simplify the collection and payment of VAT on cross-border sales.
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IOSS(进口一站式服务)注册

如果非欧盟企业没有申请 IOSS,在向欧盟客户销售和发送价值低于 150 欧元的商品时,货运代理将在向客户送货时收取增值税。


Import One-Stop Shop(IOSS号)是非欧盟企业在进口商品价值 150 欧元或以下并从欧盟以外发出商品时,向欧盟客户销售的编号。 

拥有IOSS 号的卖家进口货物时只需提供有效的 IOSS 编号,就可减少清关时间。卖家可在网上销售时收取增值税,并直接汇给当局。

非欧盟企业必须委托授权中介进行 IOSS 注册并代表其申报增值税。由于欧盟取消了 22 欧元的进口增值税豁免,没有 IOSS 号的公司将必须为所有进口到欧盟的商品支付进口增值税。

什么是OSS注册?

一站式服务(OSS)是一项简化的增值税计划,适用于向欧盟(EU)众多商品的客户销售商品或服务的企业。 OSS允许企业通过单一的在线系统去报告和支付来自欧盟产品的跨境销售,而不一定在其拥有的每个产品注册增值税客户。

根据 OSS,企业可以在其中一个欧盟成员国注册增值税,然后通过同一系统向其他成员国报告并缴纳跨境销售的增值税。这使得企业能够更轻松且更具成本效益地履行多个成员国的增值税义务。

根据欧盟增值税规则,有两种类型的一站式服务计划:

  1. 联盟OSS:该计划适用于在欧盟成立并向其他欧盟成员国的客户销售商品或服务的企业。它允许企业通过单一增值税申报表报告和支付向其他成员国的跨境销售商品或服务的增值税。

  2. 非欧盟 OSS:该计划适用于在欧盟境外成立并向欧盟客户销售商品的企业。它允许企业通过单一增值税申报表报告并支付向欧盟客户收取的跨境销售商品的增值税。

一站式服务旨在简化在欧盟境内跨境经营的企业的增值税合规性,同时也让税务机关更容易征收跨境销售所需要缴付的增值税。然而,企业必须了解该计划的具体规则和要求,并确保遵守其开展业务的成员国的所有相关增值税法规。

使用IOSS或OSS对企业有什么好处?

简化增值税合规性:简化增值税征收、报告和付款流程。

 集中报告和付款:多个欧盟成员国的单一增值税申报表,降低了管理复杂性。

更快的清关:加快海关流程,更快地交付给客户。

改善客户体验:包含增值税的透明定价,避免额外收费。

遵守增值税法规:确保遵守欧盟跨境电子商务增值税规则。

竞争优势:吸引欧盟客户,扩大市场范围,增强竞争力。

使用 IOSS 和 OSS 对欧盟客户有哪些好处?

✓   透明定价:为了清晰起见,预先显示总价,包括增值税。

   更快的交货:加快清关速度可以更快地履行订单。

  增值税合规性:证明遵守欧盟税务法规,建立信任。

   增强的购物体验:提供更顺畅、更便捷的购买旅程。

拥有IOSS号码之前

位于欧盟以外的企业向各个欧盟成员国的客户销售产品。

 

每次进行销售时,企业都需要在每个成员国登记增值税,提交单独的增值税申报表,并遵守不同的增值税法规和门槛。

 

这个过程非常耗时、复杂,并且会带来巨大的管理负担。该企业还可能面临清关延误,可能导致客户的交货时间更长。

有了IOSS号码

同一企业注册IOSS并获得单个IOSS号码。

 

他们现在可以根据客户的位置在销售点收取和代缴增值税。借助 IOSS 编号,企业可以提交在所有欧盟成员国活动的单一增值税申报表,从而简化报告流程。清关速度加快,确保更快地将货物交付给客户。

 

该业务受益于简化的增值税合规性、减少的管理工作和改善的客户体验。

只需一份增值税申报表即可将您的业务扩展到所有欧盟成员国。
Global Trade Business随时就 IOSS 解决方案提供協助。

IOSS和OSS注册和申报流程

了解您的业务运作和需求

请致电我们进行免费咨询。

我们的增值税专家将审查您的业务活动并了解您的需求,以确定您需遵从的 IOSS/OSS 义务

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我们的团队将确保取得所有正确的数据和文件。检查完所有信息后,我们的本地团队将进行IOSS/OSS注册。注册过程的持续时间取决于所在国家/地区。

收集所需数据和文件

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当您拥有IOSS/OSS号码后,您需要向我们提供所有申报材料以便按时申报。

获取IOSS/OSS号并提交申报表

  • What are the differences between the 13th Directive and the EU VAT Refund Directive?
    The 13th Directive and the EU VAT Refund Directive (Directive 2008/9/EC) are both mechanisms that allow businesses to claim Value Added Tax (VAT) refunds in European Union (EU) member states. However, there are some key differences between these two directives. Here are the main distinctions: Scope and Applicability: 13th Directive: The 13th Directive specifically applies to businesses located outside the EU that do not have a VAT registration within the EU. It is designed for non-EU businesses to claim VAT refunds on eligible expenses incurred in EU member states. EU VAT Refund Directive: The EU VAT Refund Directive applies to businesses established within the EU, allowing them to claim VAT refunds on expenses incurred in other EU member states. It is applicable to VAT-registered businesses within the EU seeking cross-border VAT refunds. Application Process: 13th Directive: Under the 13th Directive, non-EU businesses need to submit a VAT refund application to the tax authorities of the EU member state where the VAT was paid. The application is typically made using a specific form provided by the tax authority. EU VAT Refund Directive: The EU VAT Refund Directive introduces a simplified and streamlined process for VAT refund claims within the EU. Businesses can apply for refunds electronically through their home country's tax authority, rather than submitting applications directly to each member state.
  • What VAT can be refunded under 13th Directive?
    Under the 13th Directive, non-EU businesses can claim VAT refunds on directly related business expenses incurred in European Union (EU) member states. While the specific eligibility criteria may vary between countries, here are some examples of expenses that are commonly considered directly related to business activities: Accommodation Expenses: VAT paid on hotel stays or rental accommodations for business purposes, such as attending conferences, trade shows, or client meetings, can typically be claimed under the 13th Directive. Meal Expenses: VAT paid on meals or restaurant bills incurred during business-related activities, such as client meals, team meetings, or business travel, may be eligible for a VAT refund. Transportation Costs: VAT paid on transportation expenses directly related to business activities, such as airfare, train tickets, taxi fares, or car rentals, can often be claimed under the 13th Directive. Trade Show or Exhibition Expenses: VAT paid on expenses related to participating in trade shows, exhibitions, or conferences, including booth rentals, registration fees, promotional materials, and related services, may be eligible for VAT recovery. Professional Services: VAT paid on professional services directly related to your business activities, such as legal fees, consulting fees, or marketing services, may be eligible for a VAT refund. Business Entertainment: VAT paid on entertainment expenses incurred for bona fide business purposes, such as client entertainment events, team-building activities, or business-related social functions, might be eligible for VAT recovery.
  • What documents are required for claiming the VAT refund?
    The documentation requirements for claiming VAT refunds can vary between countries and depend on the specific rules and regulations of the tax authority where you are submitting your VAT refund application. However, here are some common types of documentation that are often required: Valid VAT Invoices: You will typically need to provide original VAT invoices or receipts for the expenses on which you paid VAT. The invoices should include the necessary details, such as the supplier's name and address, your business's name and address, the invoice date, a unique invoice number, a description of the goods or services, the VAT rate applied, and the amount of VAT paid. Proof of Payment: You may be required to provide evidence of payment for the expenses on which VAT was paid. This can include bank statements, credit card statements, or other forms of payment documentation that demonstrate the payment was made. Import/Export Documentation: If you are claiming VAT refunds on import or export transactions, you may need to provide additional documentation such as customs declarations, shipping documents, import/export licenses, or proof of export. Proof of Business Purpose: Some tax authorities may require you to provide evidence that the expenses for which you are claiming VAT refunds were incurred for business purposes. This can include supporting documents like travel itineraries, conference agendas, or contracts that demonstrate the business nature of the expenses. VAT Refund Application Form: You will likely need to complete a VAT refund application form provided by the tax authority. The form will require you to provide information about your business, VAT registration details, the reporting period for which you are claiming the refund, and details of the eligible expenses. Please note that the specific documentation requirements can vary significantly between countries. Some countries may have more stringent requirements, while others may have simplified procedures for VAT refund applications.
  • What is the difference between IOSS and OSS?
    IOSS (Import One-Stop Shop): It is a mechanism for declaring and paying VAT on goods imported from non-European Union (EU) countries. It allows businesses to collect and declare VAT at the time of purchase, simplifying the customs clearance and delivery process for buyers. OSS (One-Stop Shop): This is a regime that enables EU businesses to collect, declare, and pay VAT on sales of goods and services made within the EU. It simplifies tax obligations by allowing businesses to make a single VAT declaration in their Member State of identification, covering all transactions made in other EU Member States.
  • When can IOSS be used?
    If the good is imported to the EU from a non-EU country and the value of the good is less than 150EUR, IOSS can be used. VAT due will be included in the price paid by the customer and VAT on importation will be exempted. However, if the value of the goods is more than 150EUR, traditional VAT will be applied.
  • Where should I register for the OSS?
    To register for your OSS (One-Stop Shop) number, you typically need to go through the tax authority or portal of the European Union (EU) member state in which you are established or have a fixed establishment.
  • Do I need an IOSS if I sell on a marketplace?
    If you sell goods on a marketplace as a non-EU business and the marketplace is considered the deemed supplier for VAT purposes, you may not need to obtain an Import One-Stop Shop (IOSS) number yourself. Instead, the marketplace may handle the IOSS registration and VAT obligations on your behalf. The IOSS allows marketplaces to collect and remit VAT on behalf of sellers for low-value consignments (goods valued at or below €150) imported into the European Union (EU). This simplifies the VAT compliance process for sellers and ensures that the VAT obligations are fulfilled. Generally, if you sell through a marketplace that is registered for IOSS, they may take responsibility for collecting and remitting VAT on the low-value consignments you sell. The marketplace will provide you with the necessary information and documentation to ensure compliance with VAT regulations. It's important to note that the specific arrangements and requirements can vary between marketplaces. Some marketplaces may handle IOSS registration and VAT obligations for sellers, while others may require sellers to handle their own VAT compliance. Therefore, it is advisable to review the terms and conditions or contact the marketplace directly to understand their policies and procedures regarding IOSS and VAT compliance.
  • What is an IOSS intermediary?
    An IOSS (Import One-Stop Shop) intermediary refers to a third-party service provider or agent that assists businesses in fulfilling their IOSS registration and VAT compliance obligations. These intermediaries specialise in helping businesses navigate the IOSS system and ensure compliance with VAT regulations. A business which is established outside of the EU must appoint an intermediary to deal with IOSS.
  • Do i have to get both IOSS and OSS at the same time?
    No, you do not have to get both IOSS (Import One-Stop Shop) and OSS (One-Stop Shop) registrations at the same time. These are separate registration schemes that serve different purposes within the European Union's VAT system. The choice of which registration to pursue depends on your specific business activities and requirements. IOSS Registration: IOSS is primarily used for the distance selling of goods valued at or below €150 to customers in the EU. It simplifies the VAT collection and remittance process by allowing businesses to charge and collect VAT at the point of sale, rather than at the point of importation. IOSS registration is mandatory for businesses outside the EU when they opt to use this system. OSS Registration: OSS, on the other hand, is used for various cross-border B2C (business-to-consumer) supplies of services, as well as for distance sales of goods valued above €150 within the EU. It allows businesses to handle their VAT obligations in a streamlined manner, making a single VAT return and payment in their home member state, rather than registering for VAT in multiple EU member states. Depending on your business model and the nature of your sales, you may need to register for either IOSS or OSS, or both, depending on your specific circumstances.
  • How many VAT number do you need?
    Every country has their own VAT systems and hence to have its own national VAT number. When you sell from one EU country to another, if you hit the threshold of the local country, it is expected that you need to register the local VAT number.
  • How to check if your VAT number is valid?
    Each country has his own official website to check the validity of your VAT number. Of course you can still go to the VIES VAT number validation - European Commission
  • What to do next when you have a VAT number?
    Once the company has the VAT number, it can start doing business in the target country and charge VAT on every sales. VAT returns or declaration for intra-community trade have to be done regularly.
  • How we could help with VAT
    - Provide the best advice on supply and purchase which suits your business needs and growth - warehouse locations / standard of invoices / reverse charge - manage your VAT and customs issues such as VAT returns and intrastat - ensure compliance of regulations - provide training sections to your employees to ensure they are familiar with VAT process within the company - to save time and costs in business expansion on complex international tax rules
  • Difference with EC sales list (ESL) ?
    ESL is usually filled monthly or quarterly and it contains the record of sales and transfer of both goods and services of one VAT registered company in another EU country.
  • What's the VAT credit and VAT debit?
    VAT credit: VAT credit, also known as input VAT credit or input tax credit, is a mechanism that allows businesses to offset the VAT they have paid on purchases or expenses against the VAT they have collected on sales. It helps businesses avoid double taxation and reduces the overall VAT liability. VAT debit: VAT debit, also known as output VAT, is the VAT amount that businesses charge on their sales of goods or services. It represents the VAT liability of the business and is collected from customers on behalf of the tax authorities.
  • What is introduction and Expédition?
    Introduction: In the context of VAT, introduction refers to the movement of goods from one European Union (EU) member state to another. It involves the transfer of goods between EU countries and is subject to VAT regulations specific to intra-EU trade. Introductions typically occur when goods change their location within the EU, such as when they are transported from one EU member state to another. Expédition (Shipment): In the context of VAT, expédition (shipment) refers to the movement of goods from an EU member state to a destination outside the European Union. It involves the exportation of goods from the EU to a non-EU country. Shipment transactions are subject to VAT rules governing exports and may involve customs procedures and documentation to ensure compliance with both VAT and international trade regulations.
  • Does Global Trade Business provide GST services?
    We do! We also offer GST registration and GST return services in Australia and Singapore. The specific requirements for obtaining a GST number can vary depending on the country or region where you are conducting business. Here are some common scenarios where you may need a GST number: Business Registration: When starting a business that is required to collect and remit GST, you typically need to register for a GST number. This applies to businesses that meet the turnover threshold specified by the tax authorities. Threshold Exceedance: Once your business reaches or exceeds the turnover threshold set by the tax authorities, you are required to register for a GST number and start collecting and remitting GST on your taxable supplies. Interstate Trade: If you engage in trade or supply goods or services across different states or regions within a country with a GST system, you may need to obtain a GST number. E-commerce and Online Selling: Many countries have introduced specific rules and regulations for e-commerce businesses. If you sell goods or services online, you may be required to register for a GST number, regardless of your turnover. Import and Export: Some countries require businesses engaged in importing or exporting goods to obtain a GST number for customs and tax purposes. Voluntary Registration: Even if your business does not meet the mandatory registration requirements, you may choose to voluntarily register for a GST number. This can allow you to claim input tax credits on your purchases and avail other benefits provided by the tax system.

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